-

- (15.2.1823, . , . , - 7.11.1901, ), , . 1850-64 1853-68. , "" ( ). . .-. . . " ", . . . . . .-. 1895. 1896 - . 1901 . . " " - , .

.: , , 40 , . ., , 1905; , ., 1972 (. . ); ., 1894-1899 ., ., 1958; Spector S., Li Hung-chang and the Huai army, Seattle, 1964.

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