( - ; ) (. 1896, ), , . 1921. " " . 20-30- . ( ) , " ". , ("", 1932; " ", 1934, .), . "" (1923). , - 1937-45 ( " ", 1939; " ", 1940; " ", 1940). 1949 " ". . " " (1953), " . " (1950), " " (1954). . . , . . . . 60- . .

.: , , 1960; . .- , ., 1954.

.: . ., , ., 1956; . ., - 1937-1945 ., ., 1958.

? . . .

: