(; ) (1869, , - 29.11.1951, ), . , , 1892-99 - , , , . 1891. - " " (1893), "" (1896), "" (1901), " " (1904) - , . . 1905-07 " " (1909, 1912), 1- 1914-18 - "" (1916). . - "", . 1921 , , , ; 1949 - (). . : "" (1932), " " (1941). . ; .

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